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Semester and Year Offered: Monsoon Semester 2019
Course Coordinator and Team: Diamond Oberoi Vahali
Email of course coordinator: diamond[at]aud[dot]ac[dot]in
Pre-requisites: Interest in literature, history, cinema, music, culture and politics
Aim: This course introduces students to the All India Progressive Writers Association and Indian People’s Theatre Association, the two most significant movements in literature in 1930s and 1940s. The objective of the course is to familiarize the students to the socio-political concerns, debates and dissent existing in literature in India from 1930s to 1950s within the broader context of nationalism and the formation of new India.
The course is an interdisciplinary course, it seeks to situate literature within the context of cinema and theatre movements prevalent in India in 1930s, 1940s and 1950s. It also links literature, theatre and cinema to the larger debates around nation building and the formation of new India. This course is the first part and the discussions initiated here will be continued in the second part of the course.
Course Outcomes:Students opting for this course will develop a comprehensive understanding of the history of the Indian cultural scenario in the first half of the twentieth century.
Brief description of modules/ Main modules:
The first module will constitute of several readings that led to the formation of the Progressive Writer’s Association and Indian People’s Theatre Association. The readings in this module will mainly be from the original documents/ Manifestos of IPTA and AIPWA these readings will be contextualized within several other significant radical literary thought and writings written by cultural activists across several emerging new nations during the early twentieth century.
second module will focus on the literature written by the writers who affiliated themselves with the AIPWA. This module will mainly concentrate on the fiction written by these writers.
Sajjad Zaheer,, “Dulari”, “Jannat Ki Basharat” and other stories included in Angarey, London Ki Ak Raat,
Rasheed Jahan, “That One” (“Who”), “A Visit to Delhi” (“Delli ke Sahir”)
Ismat Chughtai, “Chhoti Ka Jora”, “Lihaf”, Gharam Hawa
Saadat Hasan Manto, “Mozil”, “Thanda Ghosh”
Mulk Raj Anand , “Old Bapu”, The Untouchable
Razia Sajjad Zaheer, “Low Born” (“Neech”)
Premchand, “The Path to Hell”
Rajinder Singh Bedi, “Lajwanti”
Krishan Chander, Ann Detta
This module will focus on the poems written by writers associated with both the AIPWA and the IPTA
Faiz Ahmad Faiz, “My Fellowmen, My Friend”, “Dawn of Freedom”, “This Harvest of Hope”, “Bury me under your Pavements”, “Dedication” (“Intizab”), “We will see” (“Hum Dekhege”)
Ali Sardar Jafri, “Raj Neeraj” and other poems
Poems by Sajjad Zaheer
Selected works of Suryakant Tripathi (Nirala)
Selected works of Shamsher Bahadur
Selected poems by Sahir Ludhianvi
Majaz, Selected poems
Kazi Nazrul Islam,,‘Helmsmen, Beware’ and other poems
Jyotiribndra Moitra, ‘Many Voices and One’, Navajibaner Gan, Madhubanishir Goli
Salil Chaudhary, Protest songs and music
Assessment Details with weights: The assessment for the course may include class presentations, term paper, mid-term exam and end-term exam. The assessment will ensure an engagement with the essence of the course, for this purpose the students will be expected to interview people from under privileged backgrounds and to express their insights through any form of a creative expression for part I of the course.
Tentative Assessment schedule with details of weightage: (Part I)
Date/period in which Assessment will take place
Throughout the semester
Interview and Process Paper
Research and a reflective piece on the process of research
Throughout the semester/ submission is End Semester
Class test/Portfolio/creative document
Reading List: Included within the modules
Other writers/poets/ whose works may be included are:
Ahmed Ali, Ahmad Nadeem Qasmi, Ahmad Faraz, Habib Jalib, Fehmida Riyaz, Kishwar Naheed, Anil D’silva, Hajrah Begum, Mahmuduzzafar, Shri Shri, Umashankar Joshi, Gurbaksh Singh, Firaf Gorakhpuri, Josh Malihabadi, Amrita Pritam, Sukanto Bhattacharya, Bishnu Dey, Ram Bilas Sharma, Ageyaya and Muktibodh